- August 09: NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour, carrying Barbara Morgan, the first Educator Astronaut in space, and six other astronauts on a mission to the International Space Station.
- July 6: An article in Science reports the recovery of DNA in ice samples extracted from southern Greenland. The age of these fragments is estimated between 400 to 800 thousand years. (BBCNews)
- July 5: Due to a strong dust storm the planned activities of the Opportunity rover on Mars, including entering the Victoria crater, are delayed. (SpaceRef.com)
- June 27: At a news conference in Cairo, Egyptologists claim to have identified the 3,000-year-old mummy of pharaoh/queen Hatshepsut, ancient Egypt's most powerful female ruler. The DNA identification of the queen (whose mummy was originally discovered, but not identified, by Howard Carter in 1903) is being billed as the biggest archaeological find in Egypt since the 1922 discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb. Some archaeologists, however, express strong scepticism about the possibility of using DNA technology to identify the queen. (BBC News)
- June 22: Space Shuttle Atlantis lands safely at Edwards Air Force Base, California, after inclement weather prevents a landing at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, ending STS-117. (Reuters)